The Police in the Basra Province 1869-1921




the police force, the British forces, the Iraqi people, the policy of repression, and abuse


The Ottoman provinces were divided militarily since the early nineteenth century into seven regions, each with a complete regular army of infantry, cavalry and artillery. As for the police, this device was established under a regulation issued by the High Gate in 1845. However, this security device was unable to perform the tasks entrusted to it due to its weakness, the small number of its members, and the rampant corruption in its structure. Despite all the efforts made by the Ottoman governors to improve this device, it remained suffering from poor management and equipment until the collapse of the Ottoman state. After the occupation of Iraq by the British forces, attention was paid to the police, its formations, equipment, and increasing the number of its members, in order to carry out the tasks that fall on its responsibility as a security device to protect the security of the occupied cities and the roads of movement of those forces and their supplies. The Indian model was followed in the beginning of the formation of this device, where police officers were brought from India and Aden when Basra, Amara and Nasiriyah were occupied. Then the local police (Shabana) were recruited in the villages and remote areas and they were from the Arab population. The affairs of this force were gradually organized, as the correct foundations were laid for it, which became the edifice on which the police forces relied later. This force was initially managed by the British officers, headed by Colonel (Brixot), the Inspector General of Police.


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First: Unpublished documents

- D.K.W, Documentary Unit, Ministry of Interior, File Sequence 509, File Number 507/144, File Subject Police Basran, 29/2/1916 -8/1/1917, and 4.

- D.K.W, Documentary Unit, Ministry of Interior, File Sequence 509/3205, Basra Police [Jan 29/2/1916 -18/1/1917 and 4.

- D.K.W, Documentary Unit, Royal Palace, File Sequence 2542 –and, File Number 2/11, File Subject, Ministry of Interior Owners for the year 1921, and 22, p49.

Second: Messages and Theses

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- Kazem Habib, Criminal Investigations Police in Iraq, Mesopotamia House for Printing, Publishing and Distribution, Baghdad, 1913.


- Ali Nasser Hussein , The Iraqi Police from the Late Ottoman Era to the Coronation of Prince Faisal as King of Iraq1864-1921 , College of Arts Magazine , University of Baghdad , Issue /22 ,2011 .

- Internal Security Forces Magazine , Issue /62 , Baghdad , July1989 .

- Policeman Magazine , Baghdad , J7 , Issue /1 , October 7th1927 .

Electronic sites

- - Mada Supplements Issue2861 , 22/11/2015 .




How to Cite

Farhood, Dr Hamidah Maki. 2023. “The Police in the Basra Province 1869-1921”. Thi Qar Arts Journal 2 (42). Huminites:304-29.