role of religious minorities’ deputies in the Iranian National Consultative Assembly towards the most prominent economic and social issues 1906-1915
Keywords:minorities – Iran National Consultative Assembly of Iran.
The study of the roles of minority deputies in the Iranian National Consultative Assembly is an important study, especially since the previous scientific studies related to this topic were not mentioned by Iraqi academic researchers except in a limited way. Therefore, we resorted to choosing this topic to rely on the lectures of the Iranian National Consultative Assembly and its laws during the period (1906-1915), and the reason for choosing the study period since 1906, which is the year that witnessed the writing of the first constitution for Iran after the constitutional revolution; It was followed by the enactment of the Iranian National Consultative Assembly elections law and as a result of which the first legislative session of the council was held in 1906. The determination of 1915 came as a result of the suspension of the council's work in its third legislative session following the events of World War I and the entry of Allied forces into Iranian territory; Which led to the disruption of the council.
First: The published Persian documents
Administration of Documents of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Document No. 38, Telegraph of the Iranian Embassy in Russia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Subject: Germany’s Declaration of War on Russia, No. 521, 11 Ramadan 1332 AH, Document No. 39.
Telegraph of the Iranian Embassy in London to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Subject: Germany’s Declaration of War on Belgium, No. 542, 16 Ramadan 1332 AH. Second: The detailed memoirs of the National Consultative Assembly of Iran (Minutes of the National Consultative Assembly of Iran)
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the First Legislative Session, First Issue.
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the First Legislative Session, Issue 53.
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the First Legislative Session, Issue 187.
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the Second Legislative Session, Issue 33.
(M.M.M.Sh.,M.,A), Detailed Memoirs of the Second Legislative Session, Issue 1.92
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the Second Legislative Session, Issue 65.
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the Third Legislative Session, Issue 76.
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the Third Legislative Session, Issue 107.
(M.M.M.Sh.M.A), Detailed Memoirs of the Third Legislative Session, Issue 128. Third: The collection of laws and resolutions of the National Consultative Assembly in Iran (Collection of Laws and Decisions of the National Consultative Assembly of Iran)
(M.Q.M.M.Sh.M.A), Collection of Laws and Resolutions of the First Legislative Session. Fourth: The sources in Persian language:
Abu al-Hasan Fahri, Farhang al-Muheet, (Tehran, 1380 Sh).
Ahmad Bashiri, Confidential Reports of the British Foreign Office on the Constitutional Revolution in Iran, Vol. 1, Nashr-e-No Publications, (Tehran, 1363 Sh).
Ahmad bin Ali Sabaher, Iran in the Great War (1914-1918), (Tehran, 1339 Sh).
Ahmad Tafreshi, Newspaper of Constitutionalism and Revolution in Iran, edited by Iraj Afshar, Amir Kabir Publications (Tehran, 1351 Sh).
Ahmad Kasravi, History of Eighteen Azerbaijan, Amir Kabir, (Tehran, 1350 Sh).
Parviz Afshari, Prime Ministers of Qajar Dynasty, Volume Six, (Tehran, 1376 Sh).
======== , Prime Ministers of Qajar Dynasty , (Tehran , 1383 Sh).
Habib Levy , History of Jews in Iran , Volume One , Nashr-e-Kavtar , (Tehran ,1339 Sh).
Hussein Mahjoubi Ardakani , History of Modern Civil Institutions in Iran , Part Three , University Publications , (Tehran , 1368 Sh).
Hussein Maki , Life of Ahmad Shah , (Tehran ,1384 Sh).
Office for Fundamental Governmental Studies and Familiarity with the History of Legislative Councils in Iran , First to Sixteenth Sessions (1285 AH -1328 Sh) , Center for Researches of Islamic Consultative Assembly ,(Tehran , without date).
Zahra Shojaei , Political Elites in Iran from Constitutional Revolution to Islamic Revolution , Sokhan , (Tehran , 1372).
======= , Representatives in National Consultative Assembly in Twenty-One Legislative Sessions , Social Studies and Research Institute ,(Tehran , 1344 Sh).
========= , The Role of Representatives in Constitutional Legislative Councils , Volume One , Sokhan Publications , ( Tehran , 1375 Sh).
Ismail Amir Khizi , The Uprising of Azerbaijan and Sattar Khan , (Tabriz ,1339 AH).
Biography of Men in Iran in Centuries 12 ,13 ,14 AH , Volume Six , Part Four , Jabe Khan-e-Zavar ,(Tehran , 1378 Sh).
Sharif Kashani , Encyclopedia of History of Architecture and Urbanism in Iran , Baran Publications ,(Tehran , 1379 Sh).
Abdullah Razi , Complete History of Iran from the Establishment of Sassanids to Present Era , Volume Three ,(Tehran , 1341 Q).
Ataollah Farhang Ghahremani , Names of Representatives in National Consultative Assembly from Constitutionalism to Twenty-Fourth Legislative Session and Senators in Seven Legislative Sessions ,(Without Place , Without Date).
Ali Akbar Siyasi , Loghat Nameh (Mohammad Ali Shah) , Tehran University ,(Tehran , 1234 AH)
Gholam Ali Haddad Adel , Encyclopedia of the Islamic World , Vol. 8 , Foundation of Islamic Encyclopedia ,(Tehran , 1383).
Fereydoun Adamiyat , First Assembly and Crisis of Freedom , Roshangaran ,(Tehran , without date).
Mohsen Beheshti , The Role of Political Clergy from Constitutionalism to the Extinction of Qajar , Khomeini Research Institute ,(Tehran , 1380 Sh ).
Mohammad Hussein Heydari , Life of Nader Shah Afshar , Jabe Khan-e Publications ,(Without Date , 1345 Sh).
Mohammad Rezaei Mehr Abadi , Ata’i Publications , Volume Three ,(Tehran , 1373 Sh).
Mohammad Ali Tehrani , Social and Political Observations and Analysis from the History of Constitutional Revolution in Iran , Joint Stock Company Publication ,(Tehran ,1379 Sh).
Mohammad Ali Safiri , Constitutional Organization , Elm Publications ,(Tehran , 1370 Sh).
Mansoureh Ettehadieh , Assembly and Elections from Constitutionalism to the End of Qajar Era , Iran History Publication ,(Tehran ,1375 Sh).
Mehdi Gholi Hedayat , History of Zoroastrian Religion , Jabe Khan-e-Jam ,(Tehran ,1363 Sh)
Mir Hussein Yekrangian , History of Iran from the Invasion to September , Khajeh Publications ,(Tehran ,1320 Sh).
Nazem al-Islam Kermani , History of the Awakening of Iran , Volume Two , Part Two , Jabe Khan-e-Kaveh ,(Tehran , 1324 Sh).
Fifth: Theses and Dissertations:
Rawafid Jabbar Sharhan The Military Establishment in the Era of Reza Shah Pahlavi (1921-1941), an unpublished master’s thesis, (University of Basra, College of Education, 2005).
Sabah Karim Riyah Al-Fattlawi, Iran in the Era of Mohammad Ali Shah 1907-1909, an unpublished master’s thesis, (College of Arts, University of Kufa, 2003).
Qahtan Jabbar Asaad Erhaim Al-Tikriti, The Role of Intellectuals and Reformers in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1905-1911), an unpublished master’s thesis, (University of Tikrit, College of Education, 2005).
Lazim Lifta Dhiaab Al-Maliki, Iran in the Era of Muzaffar al-Din Shah 1896-1907, a doctoral dissertation, (University of Basra, College of Arts, 1997).
Nasif Jassim Abbas Al-Ahbabi, The Relations between Iran and Nazi Germany (1933-1945), an unpublished master’s thesis, (University of Baghdad, College of Arts, 1989).
Widad Jabbar Ghazi, Parliamentary Life in Iran 1941-1979, an unpublished doctoral dissertation, (Al-Mustansiriya University, College of Education, 2010). Sixth: Arabic and Arabized Sources:
Ibrahim Hamed Al-Maghazi, Nationalities and Religious Minorities in Iran, Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya,(Cairo, 1992).
Ahmed Shaker Abdel-Alaq, Dictionary of Iranian Personalities, Dar al-Bidayah for Publishing and Distribution,(Amman, 2020).
========== , Iran in the Era of Ahmad Shah 1909-1925 A Historical Study in the Internal Political Developments , First Edition , Dar al-Bidayah Publishers ,(Amman ,2017).
Khudair Al-Badiri, Encyclopedia of Iranian Personalities in the Qajar and Pahlavi Eras 1796-1979 , Al-Aref for Publications ,(Beirut , 2015).
Charles Issawi , Economic History of the Middle East , Translated by: Saad Rahmi , Dar al-Hadatha ,(Beirut , without date).
Shahin Makarios , History of Iran , Dar al-Afaq al-Arabiyya ,(Cairo , 2003 ).
Talal Majdoub , Iran from the Constitutional Revolution to the Islamic Revolution 1906-1980 , Dar Ibn Rushd for Printing and Publishing ,(Beirut , 1980).
Abd Ali Hassan Al-Khafaf and others , Demographic Conditions in Iran , University of Basra ,( Center for Gulf and Iranian Studies , 1978).
Muhammad Al-Amin , Landmarks of Armenian Culture in Iran , Dar al-Tijari for Publishing and Distribution ,(Beirut ,1999)
Morgan Shuster , Strangling Iran , Translated by: Abu al-Hasan Mousavi , Safi Ali Shah Publications Foundation ,(Tehran , without date). Seventh: Arabic Researches and Studies Published:
Anne Sophie Pfeiffer , Iran is Divisible The Population of Neighborhoods and Religious Minorities , Al-Arab Weekly Magazine Issue 13 , March 29 , 2008
Hussein Qasim Muhammad Al-Yasiri , The Size and Distribution of Religious Minorities in Iran , Journal of Iranian Studies , Issue 14 , August 2011.
Saleh Hussein Abdullah Al-Jubouri , The Constitutional Revolution in Iran (1905-1911) , Journal of Tikrit University for Humanities Studies , Issue 11 ,(November 2009). Eighth: Persian Researches and Studies:
Hussein Zarrini , Re-reading a Decree from Muzaffar al-Din Shah Qajar ,“Ganjineh Asnad” Magazine" Tehran , Issue 60 , Winter 1384 Sh.
Hussein Mahjoubi Ardakani , The Coronation of Muzaffar al-Din Shah ,“Yaghma” Magazine" Tehran , Issue 276 , Shahrivar 1350 Sh.
Saeed Azimi Nia , Sayyid Abdallah Behbahani and the First and Second National Consultative Assembly of Iran ,“Soroshkadeh Oloum Ensani va Motale’at Farhangi Tarikhi Ensani Iran” Magazine" Year Sixth
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