Kamel Khalil Al-Asaad and his political role in Lebanon 1908 -1924

  • Dr. Ali Hussein Naeem Al-Waeli Al-Waeli College Imam Al-Kadhim / Departments of Maysan
Keywords: Kamel, Al-Asaad, Lebanon, Jabal Amel, the French, Syria


Researchers in history dealt with Jabal Amel and its various religious and political personalities with study and analysis, but it did not single out a specific study of an important (Amili) personality that had a clear impact on the history of Lebanon in general, and the history of Jabal Amel in particular, which is the personality of Kamel Khalil Al-Asaad, so the title Research (Kamel Khalil Al-Asaad and his political role in Lebanon 1908-1924). Being the first global leader throughout the first quarter of the last century, especially since he is a descendant of an ancient Arab family that ruled southern Lebanon for a long period of time, as he experienced the Ottoman Empire, the Arab government in Damascus and the French mandate over Lebanon, and contributed to the events of that stage.


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(1) Mr. Abdul-Hussein Sharaf Al-Din, (Manuscript) under the title "Means and Issues".
(2) Suleiman Zahir, (manuscript) under the title "Maysaloon's Memoirs", August 10, 1920.
(3) A French document from the archives of Riyadh Al-Asaad from the archives of the (Nantes) Library under the title “Bcp-1583-13-33”

Second: dissertations and theses
(1) Jassem Muhammad al-Jubouri, the Lebanese Parliament, 1943-1970, PhD thesis, College of Arts (Mosul University), 2006.
(2) Hassan Muhammad Saad, A working mountain between the Turks and the French, 1914-1920, a master's thesis, the Faculty of Arts, Beirut Arab University, 1978.
(3) Saad Mohsen Abd al-Obeidi, Riyad al-Solh and his political role until 1951, Master's thesis, Institute of Arab History and Scientific Heritage, Baghdad, 2001.
(4) Majid Hamid Abbas Al-Hadrawi, The Lebanese Journal of Al-Irfan 1909-1936, Master Thesis, College of Arts (University of Kufa), 2007.
(5) Muhammad Bassam, Political Trends in Jabal Amel 1918-1929, PhD thesis, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, 1983.
(6) Mawaheb Al-Jubouri, Jamal Pasha, his life and political role, Master's thesis, College of Education for Girls (University of Baghdad), 2004.
(7) Nadia Yassin Abd, The Federalists, a historical study in their roots and intellectual propositions (late nineteenth century -1908), PhD thesis, Baghdad, 2006.

Third: Arabic and Arabized books
(1) Ahmed Reda, Memoirs of History (The Incidents of Jabal Amel 1914-1922), 1st Edition, Dar Al-Nahar Publishing, Beirut, 2009.
(2) Edmond Rabat, The Mediator in Lebanese Constitutional Law, House of Science for Millions, Beirut, 1970.
(3) Mr. Mohsen Al-Amin, Shiite notables, (Ps. 9 and 10), House of Knowledge for Publications, Beirut, (Dr. T).
(4) Amin Al-Saeed, The Great Arab Revolt, Issa Al-Halabi Press, Cairo, (Dr. T).
(5) Patrick Seal, Riad El-Solh and the Struggle for Arab Independence, translated by Omar Saeed Al-Ayoubi, Arab House of Science Publishers, Beirut, 2010.
(6) Tawfiq Berro, The Arabs and the Turks in the Ottoman Constitutional Era 1908-1914, Tlass House, Damascus, 1991.
(7) George Feghali, History of the Army of the East in Lebanon 1919-1920, Lebanese University Publications, Beirut, 1997.
(8) Jihad Banout, Struggle Movements in Jabal Amel, 1st floor, Dar Al-Mizan, Beirut, 1993.
(9) Hassan Hallaq, Memoirs of Salim Ali Salam (1868-1938), University House, Beirut, 1981.
(10) _____, Contemporary History of Lebanon 1913-1952, 3rd Edition, Dar Al-Nahda Al-Arabiya, Beirut, 2010.
(11) Hikmat Haddad, Greater Lebanon, Nazeer Abboud Publishing House, 3rd Edition, Beirut, 1996.
(12) Khayriyah Qasimia, The Arab Government in Damascus 1918-1920, Dar Al-Maaref, Cairo, 1971.
(13) Raymond Hashem, Aspects of the History of Mount Lebanon between 1914-1918, Part 2, Antoine University Publications, Beirut, 2007.
(14) Zain Nour al-Din Zain, The International Conflict in the Middle East and the Birth of the States of Syria and Lebanon, Dar An-Nahar, Beirut, 1971.
(15) Sami Al-Solh, Lebanon: Political Absurdity and Unknown Destiny, Dar Al-Nahar, Beirut, 2004.
(16) Saqr Youssef Saqr, Families That Ruled Lebanon, The Arab Center for Studies, Beirut, 1987.
(17) Adnan Zaher and Riad Ghanem, Parliament in the Memory of Lebanese Independence, Beirut, 2002.
(18) Ali Abdel Moneim Shuaib, The demands of Jabal Amel (Unity and Equality in Greater Lebanon) 1900-1936, 1st Edition, University Institution for Studies and Publishing, Beirut, 1987.
(19) Muhammad Bassam, Jabal Amel between Greater Syria and Greater Lebanon 1918-1920, Dar Al Kawkab, Beirut, 2011.
(20) Muhammad Jaber Al-Safa, History of Jabal Amel, Dar Al-Nahar Publishing, Beirut, d. T .
(21) Muhammad Jamil Beyhem, The Veteran’s Era in Syria and Lebanon 1918-1922, Dar Al-Tali’a, Beirut, (d.T).
(22) Muhammad Kurd Ali, Plans of the Levant, Part 3, Al Sharqi Press, Damascus, 1925.
(23) Huda Rizk, Lebanon between Unity and Secession 1919-1927, Bissan Publishing and Distribution, Beirut, 1998.
(24) Wajih Kawtharani, Bilad al-Sham at the beginning of the twentieth century (population, economy, Palestine and the Zionist project, a reading in the documents of French diplomacy, the Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies, 3rd edition, Beirut, 2013).
(25) Waheeb Abi El-Fadl, Lebanon in its brief stages of history, Antoine Press, Beirut, 2008.
(26) Youssef Al-Hakim, Syria and Al-Ahed Al-Faisaly, Dar Al-Nahar Publishing, Beirut, 1980.

Fourth: books in English
(1) Stanford J. Shaw & Ezel K. Shaw, Hostory of ottoman empire and modern turkey 1808-1915, Cambridge university press, 1911

Fifthly: published research
(1) Jasib Abdul-Hussein Al-Khafaji and Saif Najah, Administrative Conditions in Jabal Amel in the Ottoman Era (1888-1914), Kufa Literature (magazine), AD 1, 2013.
(2) Hassan Al-Amin, Jabal Amel, Al-Irfan (magazine), Volume 70, Issue 1, January 1982.

Sixth: Newspapers and magazines
(1) Al-Bashir (newspaper), January 8, 1920
(2) - Issue 15, 27 June 1920.
(3) The Capital (newspaper), Issue 122, May 3, 1920.
(4) Lisan Al Hal (newspaper), issue 89, June 25, 1920.
(5) __________________ 17, 155, August 1920.
(6) Lebanese Papers (magazine), part 5, second year, May 1956.
(7) Southern Affairs (magazine), issue 39, May 2005.

Seventh: Encyclopedias
(1) Abdul-Wahhab Al-Kayyali and others, Encyclopedia of Politics, part 2, the Arab Foundation for Studies and Publishing, Beirut, (D.T).
How to Cite
Al-Waeli, D. A. H. N. A.-W. (2022). Kamel Khalil Al-Asaad and his political role in Lebanon 1908 -1924. Thi Qar Arts Journal, 2(37), 1-38. https://doi.org/10.32792/TQARTJ.2021
Historical Studies