The family of Awlad Muhammad and its political and economic role in the western province of Tripoli, 1550-1813

  • Dr. Munther Obaid Radhiwi College of Arts / University of Thi Qar
Keywords: Awlad Muhammed, Fezzan Province, Western Tripol

Abstract

This research sheds light on a family that influenced the history of the western Tripoli Eyale in general and the Fezzan region in particular, the family of  Muhammad al-Fassi''s sons, which extended its control over the province of Fezzan for a period of nearly two hundred and fifty years (1550-1813). This family had an active and prominent role in The political and economic events in the Fezzan region throughout that period, they engaged in a bitter struggle with the Ottomans (1551-1711) and the Karamanids (1711-1813) for control of Fezzan, and the repeated attempts of the ruling authorities in Tripoli failed to eliminate the rule of Muhammad' sons, Because of the strength of their influence in Fezzan, until the coming of Yusuf Pasha al-Qarmanli to power in Tripoli (1795-1833), who took advantage of the weakness that this family had become, and was able to end their rule.

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References

Sources and references

First: Arabic and Arabized books:

1- a. J. Hopkins, The Economic History of West Africa, translated by Ahmed Fouad Balbam, Cairo: The National Project for Translation, 1998).
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6- Ahmed Sharif Al-Zahar, Memoirs of Ahmed Sharif Al-Zahar, Captain of the Supervision Syndicate of Algeria (1754-1830), investigation by Ahmed Tawfiq Al-Madani, (Algeria: The National Publishing Company).
7- Jean-Claude Zelter, Tripoli: The Crossroads of Europe and Central African Countries (1500-1775), translated by Jadallah Azzouz Al-Talhi, (Tripoli: Jamahiriya House for Publishing and Distribution, 2001).
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9- John Lewis and Hart, Travels in Nubia and Sudan, translated by Fouad Balbam, (Cairo: The Egyptian Society for Historical Studies, 1949).
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Second: Theses and theses:

1- Ajila Abdullah Saad Ammar Al-Rubaie, the political, economic and social history of Murzuq, 1550-1911, an unpublished master's thesis, College of Education, Sebha University - Libya, 2018.
2- Iman Muhammad Abd Alwan, The Political Role of Youssef Pasha Al-
Qarmanli in Western Tripoli (1795-1832), an unpublished MA thesis, College of Arts, University of Baghdad, 2017.
3- Samir Abd al-Rasoul Abdullah al-Obaidi, Tripoli, the West during the rule of the Spaniards and the Knights of Saint John 1510-1511, an unpublished MA thesis, College of Arts, University of Baghdad, 2003.

Third: Scientific journals:

1- Muhammad Al-Qadir Salamani, The slave trade in West Africa and its colonial repercussions on Senegal between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, Al-Nasiriya Journal of Social and Historical Studies, No. 5 and 6, (Khartoum, 2014).
2- Mustafa Injayi, From Kanem to Scotto, A Brief Political History of the Middle Sudan, Historical Readings Magazine, Issue 35, Year 14, (Khartoum: January, 2018.)
Published
2022-03-25
How to Cite
Radhiwi, D. M. O. (2022). The family of Awlad Muhammad and its political and economic role in the western province of Tripoli, 1550-1813. Thi Qar Arts Journal, 2(37), 39-63. https://doi.org/10.32792/TQARTJ.2021
Section
Historical Studies